Dr Sarojini Mahishi Report Recommending Jobs For Kannadiga Sons of the Soil.
Posted by egovindia on August 7, 2006
National Efforts for Providing Jobs to Local Sons Of Soil, Constitutional Provisions
Dr Sarojini Mahishi Report Recommending Jobs For Kannadiga Sons of the Soil.
35 years back……
* 1968, June 22nd: National Integration Council noted the dissatisfaction among population in various states due to discrimination being perpetrated by migrant population in employment of local sons of the soil. Hence NATIONAL INTEGRATION COUNCIL RECOMMENDED THAT THE MAJORITY OF THE JOBS SHALL BE GIVEN TO LOCAL SONS OF THE SOIL.
20 years back……
* 1983, Aug 4th: Smt. Margaret Alva Kannadigara Employment Committee was set up by Karnataka government.
17 years back……
* 1986, December 30th: Dr. Sarojini Mahishi Committee submitted its Report: ALL THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF DR.SAROJINI MAHISHI COMMITTEE ARE IN CONCURRENCE WITH THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF NATIONAL INTEGRATION COUNCIL. This committee was constituted in 1983 STUDIED THIS GIGANTIC PROBLEM IN DETAIL FOR THREE YEARS and made a total of 58 recommendations. It submitted its INTERIM REPORT ON 13-6-1984 and FINAL REPORT on 30-12-1986. We have enclosed details in annexure-1. Dr.Sarojini Mahishi, Member of Parliament was Chairperson of this committee. It had Prof. Gopala Krishna Adiga, Shri. G.K.Satya, Shri.G.Narayana Kumar, MLA, Shri.K.Prabhakara Reddy, Shri.B.S.Hanuman, IAS (Rtd), and Dr.Siddayya Puranik, IAS (Rtd) as its members.
15 years back……
* 1988, May 10th: Dr. V. Venkatesh Kannadigara Employment Committee was set up by Karnataka government: This committee was set up to review, prioritize the recommendations based on importance and implement the recommendations given in Dr.Sarojini Mahishi Committee Report. The committee had Dr.V.Venkatesh Member of Parliament as its Chairman. It had Shri.D.B.Chandre Gowda, Rajyasabha Member, Shri.G.Narayana Kumar,MLA, Shri.K.Prabhakara Reddy and Shri.P.V.Narayana as its members.
13 years back……
* 1990, March 16th: Karnataka Government sets up Cabinet Sub Committee: This was constituted to examine the recommendations of both- Dr. Sarojini Mahishi Committee and Dr. V. Venkatesh Kannadigara Employment Committee. Based on its recommendation KARNATAKA GOVERNMENT HAS ACCEPTED 45 RECOMMENDATIONS and issued G.O. in respect of them. The government has also CONSTITUTED A CABINET SUB COMMITTEE AND A HIGH LEVEL AND A HIGH LEVEL OFFICIALS COMMITTEE TO MONITOR IMPLEMENTATION OF REPORT. The implementation process for 45 accepted recommendations has been handed over to 7 DEPARTMENTS.
11 years back……
* 1993, February 6th: Constitution of KANNADA DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY under the Chairmanship of Shri. G. Narayana FOR PREPARATION OF ACTION PLAN FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF DR.SAROJINI MAHISHI REPORT: Kannada Development Authority had conducted numerous meetings with officials to monitor the progress and FOUND THAT THERE IS LACK OF CO-ORDINATION AMONG DEPARTMENTS IN IMPLEMENTATION.
Dr.Sarojini Mahishi Committee Recommendations:
State government shall ensure that recommendations of National Integration council are implemented, through implementation of Dr.Sarojini Committee recommendations, as the recommendations of Dr Sarojini Mahishi committee are in concurrence with the recommendations of the National Integration Council.The state government shall also request Union government for help wherever required.
Central Government public sector units in Karnataka shall employ Kannadigas as follows:
*Class IV (Group D) Positions: 100%
*Positions with a pay scale up to Rs. 1250: 80%
*Other positions filled on basis of direct recruitment: 65%
*ONLY KANNDIGAS SHALL BE SELECTED TO POSITIONS, WHICH HAVE LESS NUMBER OF KANNADIGAS AT PRESENT, TILL THE RECOMMENDED PERCENTAGE IS ACIEVED.
Only Kannadigas shall be employed by Karnataka state public sector units , exception can only be made in rare cases for positions which require very high level of technical qualifications and that too when Kannadiga candidates are not available.Department of commerce and Industry shall be vigilant for implementation of this principle.
It shall be made mandatory for all private industries to employ only Kannadigas for all positions exception can only be made in rare cases for top management positions which require very high level of technical qualifications and that too when Kannadiga candidates are not available.Karnataka government can exert pressure on private industries, as they are supplied land, water and electricity on priority basis from government.
Apprentices shall be appointed only through employment exchanges hence Union and Karnataka government shall issue orders to this effect.
Head of Department and majority of other officers of Personnel department in Central public sector units shall be Kannadigas. If Kannadigas are not available then State government officials can appointed on deputation basis.State government shall exert pressure on Union government to achieve this purpose. This principle shall be implemented in case of state government public sector units also.
The Employment Exchanges (compulsory notification of vacancies) Act 1959 shall be amended as follows:
*Section 4: It shall be compulsory to fill the vacancies from the list of candidates provided by concerned employment exchange, which has been notified.
*Section 4: Appointment of candidates from other sources shall be allowed only when eligible candidates are not available from any of the employment exchanges in the Karnataka state.
*Section 3 (1) (d): Act shall be made applicable to unskilled workers also.
Government departments and Public sector units of both central and state government shall ask employment exchanges for candidates having Kannada knowledge.
Registering officer of employment exchange shall check following documents as the proof of candidate’s residence for 15 years domicile in Karnataka before registering:
*School certificate: S.S.L.C.
*Voters List. (Candidate’s or parents or guardian’s name shall be available in it)
*Birth Certificate.Candidate’s language knowledge shall be examined in suitable manner before registering, by the registering officer.
Illiterates can be registered if they have capacity to speak Kannada language and provide proof for their 15 years residence in Karnataka.
Postal registration in employment exchange shall be stopped, as there is no chance to check the candidate’s Kannada language knowledge in this method. REGISTRATION SHALL BE DONE ONLY WHEN CLEAR EVIDENCE IS AVAILABLE.
There shall be registering facility available at taluka level and their automatic inclusion in the district registers as it is difficult for rural candidates to come to district employment exchange for registering.
These measures shall be under taken to stop rapidly decreasing number of jobs under the purview of (applicability powers) employment exchanges:
*Daily wages workers, Casual workers, and apprentices shall be selected in Central and State government’s public sectors only through employment exchanges.
*Group D vacancies in central government shall be filled only through employment exchanges; state government shall make a request in this regard.
*State public sector units shall compulsorily recruit through employment exchanges, except in cases when suitable candidates are not available.
*Private enterprises for whom CNV act is applicable, shall also compulsorily recruit through employment exchanges, except in cases when suitable candidates are not available.
*NUMBER OF CANDIDATES PLACED ON EMPLOYMENT THROUGH THE EMPLYMENT EXCHANGE SHALL BE PERFORMANCE STANDARD FOR THE APPRAISAL OF EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGE OFFICIALS. This is essential to eliminate the inactiveness of the officials and unleash their creativity for providing solution to the problem.
Candidates passed S.S.L.C or degree in Karnataka shall only be considered as eligible by banking recruitment boards. These boards shall publish their advertisements in at least one state level newspaper.
Banking recruitment boards shall be asked to include one paper for testing Kannada knowledge in their competitive examinations.
Banking recruitment boards shall clearly mention in their advertisement that Kannada knowledge essential.
Banks shall conduct their business in Kannada, as this will help customer service and also employment of Kannada people.
Central government shall include state government representative in banking recruitment boards, to ensure justice.
Some central government departments are directly employing non-Kannadigas to unskilled jobs (physical labour) and daily wage jobs without taking candidates through employment exchanges and they are confirming their service after some months. This Unfair labour practice shall be stopped.
Kannada knowledge shall be essential for all the jobs reserved for ex servicemen, SC and ST in state government and its public sector units, this is essential prevent non Kannadigas getting these jobs.
Admission in technical and other training colleges in the state for outside state people shall be limited to max of 5%; this is essential to stop outsiders getting jobs because of this.21(a): G.O.CI.121SPC.82 dated 30 October 1982 has declared many incentives and concessions for attracting investments in industry. It shall be made mandatory for such industries to give employment to only Kannadigas to get concessions from government.
Union government had enacted “The public employment (Requirement as to residence) Act 1957” making the RESIDENCE IN THE STATE MANDATORY TO CERTAIN POSTS IN CENTRAL GOVERNMENT FOR BENEFIT OF SOME STATES LIKE ANDHRA PRADESH ETC.Now Karnataka government shall REQUEST CENTRAL GOVERNMENT TO ENACT SIMILAR ACT FOR KARNATAKA With initial applicability of law for minimum 10 years.
Persons losing land for industries shall be given job at the rate of at least one job per family and more jobs in proportion to higher loss of land.Such industries shall start within stipulated time.
There shall be a state government representative in recruitment committees of private industries employing more than 100 people.
State government representatives in recruitment committees shall send report to state government about the working of such committees and an authority shall be established to examine these reports. Such authority shall be given statutory status. If necessary its branches shall be established at division level also.
Certain industries are giving preference to their employee’s children while giving employment. This will only aggravate problem in industries where non-Kannadigas are in majority. This method shall be disbanded.
Some local Kannadiga employees are misusing medical certificate given by Employees state Insurance corporation during farming season. Employers are using this as pretext for not employing locals. Hence to remove this alibi, ESI doctors shall be directed to work honestly while issuing such certificates.
Employers shall submit a declaration every year stating their compliance regarding providing stipulated numbers of employment to Kannadigas. Similar system is being practiced in Maharastra. Responsibility for getting this declaration and its examination shall rest with the proposed authority as given in recommendation number 25.
Cement industries are being established in Gulbarga district. Hence training centers shall be established in cement technology and related issues.
Action shall be taken to encourage employment of Kannadigas in ancillary units, while giving permission it self.
Commerce and Industry department in case of establishment and expansion of industry and Karnataka State finance corporation in case of financing the industry, shall inform employment exchange about employment potential, who shall strive for selection of candidates registered with them.
Central government shall be requested to allow the use of deposits in non-resident Kannadiga accounts for starting industry on condition of giving employment to Kannadigas.
OFFICERS HAVING SYMPATHY FOR KANNADIGAS AND HAVING THEIR INTEREST FOR DEVELOPMENT OF KANNADA SHALL ONLY BE APPOINTED TO IMPORTANT POSITIONS IN THE STATE GOVERNMENT.
Candidates shall be questioned fully in Kannada and made to reply in Kannada during a job interview. Office Memorandum-DCAR 38 SCR 83 dated 20 July 1983 allowing partial Kannada interview shall be amended accordingly.
There shall be a compulsory Kannada paper in all the competitive examination conducted by Public Service Commission and other recruitment committees. Rules shall be amended so that persons failing in this Kannada paper shall not be eligible for appointment.
Public service commission shall conduct a Kannada exam for appointment done through interview only.
Following action shall taken so that shortage of SC and ST candidates is eliminated:
*In case candidates are not available in the register of employment exchange, then publish advertisement in newspapers – Radio-television and notify SC/ST development department.
*Representative of SC/ST development department shall be included in the recruitment committees of all the departments.
*Standing order shall be issued to industries to contact SC/ST development commissioner when such candidates are not available.
*Department shall monitor all advertisements and guide the eligible candidates registered in department.
Kannadigas shall be given preference while awarding contract in irrigation projects. WHILE AWARDING THE IT SHALL BE MADE SURE THAT CONTRACT AGREEMENT INCLUDES CONDITION TO GIVE JOBS FOR KANNADIGAS ONLY.
Small agriculturists lose the benefits of irrigation in command areas by selling land to outsiders. This shall be stopped by bring in legislation like “The Maharastra Resettlement of Project displaced Persons Act, 1976”. Secondly government shall also help small agriculturists.
Persons trained in special skills required by industries in state can be supplied from Karnataka itself by arranging for such training in industrial training centers and engineering colleges. The committee has visited industries and compiled a list technical skills required by them. Government shall make suitable arrangement for implementation of this measure.
There shall be a system in primary school level to voluntarily get the vocational training.
Industrial training centers and employment exchanges shall opened in industrial estates and places where large industries are located, to increase the chances of Kannadigas employment.
Respected persons from Karnataka shall be made members of railway recruitment board. Kannada knowledge shall be made compulsory and examined for it. Retrenched daily wageworkers shall be re-employed in their respective linguistic states, while re-employing.
Railways are recruiting casual workers with out openly inviting applications and without informing employment exchange. Since further these workers are selected for group D posts, it shall be made sure that while recruiting casual workers employment exchange and gram panchayat are notified and open advertisement shall be given in news papers.
Railways shall establish a southwestern zone to improve chances of Kannadigas employment.
Efforts being made to shift 100 years old railway workshop from Hubli shall opposed and ensure that workshop is retained in Hubli.
Following rules shall be for allotment of residential sites to Kannadigas on preferential basis in important towns of Karnataka:
*Applicant shall have 15 years residence in Karnataka.
*Residence shall be proved through school certificate, ration card, voters list and birth certificate.
*Serving military persons and persons staying outside state for reasons of studying or employment shall only given exemption from 15 years residence requirement. No one else shall need to be given this exemption.
*Private residential layouts shall abide by BDA rules and shall obtain approval of BDA before allotment of sites.q Co-operative housing societies layouts shall abide by BDA rules and shall obtain approval of BDA before allotment of sites.
Karnataka government shall PROCURE 30% OF ALL JOBS FOR KANNADIGAS WITHIN A SPECIFIED TIME. IT SHALL DISBAND UNNECESSARY PUBLICITY IN THIS REGARD AND SPEAK THROUGH ITS IMPLEMENTATION. This committee hereby advises the KARANATAKA GOVERNMANT TO SHOW THE COURAGE in this matter.
It is natural for Kannadigas being employed in NABARD, whose purpose is to help the farmers of Karnataka. It shall also have a recruitment committee for Karnataka in Bangalore.
Central government public sector units shall employ through NATIONAL EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGE for jobs whose pay scale does not exceed Rs 1250. p.m., according to union government office memorandum dated 8.3.84. This pay scale limit shall be increased to Rs. 1600. p.m., and also be revised whenever pay scale is revised.
Misuse of forest produce shall be stopped to help the industries especially dependent on forest produce.
There shall be system to identify the type of industries which can be established in Karnataka and project reports be published for them.
A branch of STAFF SELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA shall be established in Karnataka.
E.M.D. exemption order shall be issued for longer term like three or five years and renewal shall be issued before year-end.
Karnataka legislative assembly already has a committee for Public Sector Units, which monitors accounts, efficiency and other issues in respect of corporations, boards and companies under its purview. If this committee also monitors the issue of justified representation for Kannadigas, then there is no doubt that it will have a strong impact on top management of these units. Suitable amendments shall be made in the rules regarding working of committee to enable this monitoring.
Public Service Commission and other selection committees shall publish recruitment advertisements only in the newspapers published in Karnataka.
Karnataka government shall publish a paper on lines of Employment news.
Un necessary languages like French, German, Latin, Pali, Persian, Russian, Spanish, Chinese and Arabic shall be removed from subject list of gazetted probationers competitive examination.
End of Dr.Mahishi Report
Points to Ponder
*G.O.-DPAR 37 SLC 84 dated 2-2-1985 has defined the term “KANNADIGA” as follows: ” Kannadiga means a person who can read, write and talk in Kannada and has working knowledge of Kannada”.
*According to 1971 census percentage of Kannada speaking people is only 65.94% in Karnataka and 32.47% in Bangalore.
*We shall discuss direct constitutional provisions on which Dr. Sarojini Mahishi report is based after you read this and send your opinion, suggestion for improvement of report serial number wise.
*If you are an advocate and wish to render your service, we welcome whole-heartedly.
*We must remember that these recommendations are 20 years old and attempt to address the problems of sons of soil in an old manufacturing economy of pre globalisation era.Even these harmless recommendations were implemented half heartedly by ALIEN dominated bureaucracy through successive governments irrespective of colour of political parties.We need to update these recommendations in tune with globalised economy dominated by service industries,BPO through learning by others examples like USA, who had faced such problems earlier.
*We must also remember that this ALIEN dominated bureaucracy shows loyalty to its native land through sabotaging interests of Kannada people from fundamental issue issue like water to award of contract for daily garbage collection by BMP.Hence we lose court battles in Kaveri and Krishna, by depending on them.
*But there is an opposite example of what we can achieve if we unshackle from ALIENS: Farmers of JEWARGI town (Shri. Dharam Singh’s Constituency)in Gulbarga district went Supreme Court by collecting contributions from citizens and won case for Bheema water against Maharastra.